A Basque shepherd is a strong robust and very loyal dog so it is perfect for those who want a strong animal that enjoy outdoor activities company. However, your high sense of independence can play against your training, so you need to teach behavioral patterns to ensure optimal body and social management inside and outside the home. The good news is that they are so intelligent dogs that their learning can begin quietly in the adult stage although it is not advisable.
Although they are territorial, dogs can be very friendly and affectionate especially with the master, who respect and follow very loyal manner. In fact, they enjoy being by your side and feel useful helping you in your tasks, especially if they are outdoors. They do not deal so easily with other dogs at first, but once they establish the hierarchical order with the other dogs are very sociable.
Their energy and ability to work are best used in large houses preferably in the field or with extensive gardens, as they enjoy a lot of running and playing. Keeping him in an inadequate space could cause him to accumulate too much energy that in the end could make him aggressive and drain his energy by barking ceaselessly biting objects or making holes in the ground, which will prevent him from assimilating the training received, or overlooking him as a way of Complaint. If the dog is already in a small space the best way to counteract the situation is with daily walks and outdoor games, so consider a daily time for these activities.
Since they are so intelligent animals and enjoy being busy can be very good receiving proper training. Of course, you have to schedule varied activities, as they tend to get bored quickly of the repetitive tasks, which could make them abandon their teaching process. One must also take into account the importance of teaching him that it is the master who commands, because with his dominant character could try to impose themselves during training and once they understand this, the rest of the process becomes easier.
Keep in mind that the best way to make them understand this and that, in fact, is an important part of training a Basque shepherd dog is that of positive reinforcement. Rewarding him for the goals achieved and for his good behavior will encourage him to continue learning, instead punishments can provoke reactions you do not want and future problems in behavior. So a cookie, a toy or an intense game session can be good rewards for him.
As Basque shepherds are guard dogs their response to certain stimuli can be alarm or even aggressive. Must be taught to socialize with other animals and strangers to avoid behaviors that endanger their integrity or that of other people or pets. Once they become accustomed to the presence of others, they are very affectionate and sociable.
As his taste for digging is instinctive, you have to train to moderate this behavior, as it can open holes in the ground very quickly and this can be problematic if a task is not required on the ground. It is very important that, as an energetic and active dog, perform the daily exercise you need, so if you can allow it to run and play until you drop. This way you will avoid unwanted behaviors like the one just mentioned.
In addition, if during the education and training of your pet you think you need help, do not hesitate to contact an a dog trainer, this way you will avoid errors in your education and future problems. If you have proved useful to know how to train a Basque shepherd dog, you may also be interested to know how to train a German shepherd.