Breeds of dogs “The Volpino Italiano”

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
One of the descendants of the Spitz is Europeans that already existed in the Centre of our continent since the bronze age, and whose fossil skeletons were discovered around the piles of Lake peoples. In this way, the Volpino goes back to the same ancestors as the German Spitz, which isn’t a descendant, but a collateral.

It has been raised in Italy since times immemorial, and adulado, both in the stately palaces and the hovels of the working-class neighbourhoods, where it was highly appreciated by his guardian instinct.It was the dog of Miguel Angel, and in the 18th century, the tireless companion of the road of Tuscany and Latium, always pay to loudly announce any stranger that you will find on the roads.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
This is a Spitz format small, very compact, harmonious and covered with Bristly and long hair.

 The Volpino Italiano

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
It has square-shaped; the length of the head reaches nearly 4/10 the length of the body.

TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR:
He is very attached to their environment and to persons familiar with. His temperament is very marked, jovial, lively and mischievous.

HEAD:
It has a pyramidal shape. Its length reaches 4/10 of the height at the cross.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Its length exceeds the snout (6.5/5), its bicigomática width is greater than half the length of the head (7.3/11.5). It has more or less ovoid shape, sagittal sense, both in the transversal. The medio-frontal Groove is little markup, as well as the occipital Protuberance. The above axes of the skull and the muzzle are slightly convergent. Bones protruding from the forehead are well developed and fall almost perpendicularly on the root of the nasal helm.
Depression (stop) naso-frontal: It is rather pronounced.

FACIAL REGION:
Truffle:It is moist, fresh, with the Windows wide open. View of profile, is on the same line of the nasal helm, and does not exceed the previous line of the lips. Its color is always black, copies of white fur, both those of red fur.
Snout:Pointy. Its length is less than the skull and its lateral faces are converging. The nasal helm is male. Seen in profile, the bottom edge of the muzzle is determined by the jaw.
Lips:Seen from the front, the upper lip draws a straight line in its lower edge. In the corner, the mucosa is not visible, therefore the lips are very short. The edges of the lips are pigmented black.
JAWS / teeth:JAWS aren’t strong in appearance, but are normally developed and adapted to perfection by its anterior edge. Its branches are rectilinear. The teeth are white, are regularly aligned and complete. They are perfectly developed. The joint is in the form of scissors, but is accepted in the form of clamp joint.
Eyes: They are of normal size and wide open. They denote surveillance and liveliness.The palpebral opening is rounded; they are placed at levels that are behind a well open angle.
Eyelids come together perfectly against the ocular blood cell. The iris is dark ochre and the edges of the lids are pigmented black.
Ears:Short, triangular, upright. The cartilage is rigid. The inside of the ears is geared towards the front. High insertion and very close to one another. The length of the ears reaches approximately half the length of the head.

NECK:
Its length is almost equal to the head. Your port is always high. His skin is well attached to the underlying tissues.

BODY:
It has a square shape. Its length, measured from the tip of the shoulder to the buttock, is equal to the height at the cross.
Top line:The dorsal line is straight; in the region of the spine is slightly convex.
Cross:It stands out slightly over the line of the back.
Grupa:It continues the line of the back. Its obliquity from the hip until the birth of the tail is 10 ° under the horizontal.
Chest: It descends to the level of the elbows. The ribs are well upwind. The sternal region is long.
Bottom line: From the sternum to belly is little upward. The depth of the flanks is accentuated.

TAIL:
Is situated on the prolongation of the rump, always wrapped on the back. Its length is somewhat lower than the height at the cross.

LIMBS

FORMER MEMBERS:
Seen together, they are vertical and parallel to each other and in relation to the median plane of the body, are perfectly parallel.
Shoulder: The length of the scapula is equal to the height at the cross quarter. Its axial tilt under the horizontal is 60 °.
Arm:It is longer than the scapula and its axial tilt under the horizontal is 60 °. It is approximately parallel to the median plane of the body.
Elbows: They are parallel to the median plane of the body.
Forearm: It extends the vertical line. It is bone thin. Its length, measured from the ground to the elbow, is something more than the half of the height at the cross.
Carpus and Metacarpus: citations of front, prolong the vertical line of the forearm. Seen in profile, they are oblique.
Front feet: They are oval-shaped and fingers are well together. The Central and digital pad as well as nails are black.

LATER MEMBERS:
As a whole and seen from behind, must follow a perfectly vertical line from the tip of the buttock to the ground. They are parallel each other.
Thigh:Its length is equal to 1/3 of the height at the cross. It is perfectly parallel to the median plane of the body.
Leg:Its length is somewhat lower than the thigh. It is thin bones and its axial tilt under the horizontal is from 55 to 60 °.
Hock: The distance between the tip of the Hock and the ground slightly exceeds the height at the cross quarter.
Metatarsus: It is vertical and seen both profile and from behind, its poise is perfect.
Rear feet:Oval-shaped, as the front feet and with the same characteristics.

MOVEMENT:
It should not be in jaunty, during the trot, or during the gallop. All movements must be large footprints.

SKIN:
It is well applied and stretched, without appearance of lax in any part of the body.

HAIR:
Thick, very long, straight and Bristly in an exceptional manner. Is stiff and rough texture;It must never be straight. Even though it is not very abundant, it must always be Bristly.The trunk gives the impression of being involved in a sleeve, particularly on the neck, where the hair forms a broad collar. The head is covered by a semi-long hair that hides the base of the ears.
The hair covering the snout is short. On the ears the hair is very fine and ceiling. The tail is provided with a very long hair. On the subsequent edges of legs the hair forms a fringe.

COLOR:
Unicolor white •.
• Red unicolor
• Champagne color accepted, but not desirable.
Accepts a tone of color pale naraja on the ears, but anyway this is a blemish.

SIZE:
Height to the cross: 27 to 30 cm in the males.
25 To 28 cm in females.

FAULTS:
Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the severity of it considers the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.

QUALIFYING OFFENCES:
• Any colour other than black truffle.
• Convex nose cane.
• Different colored eyes.
• Tail which falls between the hindlimbs.
• Size that exceeds the limits set by the standard by more than 3 cm.

FAULTS OF DISQUALIFICATION:
• Dog aggressive or fearful.
• Skull-facial axes divergence.
• Upper prognathism.
• Total depigmentation of the truffle or the edges of the eyelids.
• Completely hanging ears.
• Absence of tail, or very short tail, either congenital or artificial.
• Any color other than white, red, or the champagne color (albeit not the most desirable).

• Red on white spots and black or white spots on a red background.

Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.

Note: Males should be two appear normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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