Generally, a puppy is orphaned when the mother can not give adequate attention, this may be because she cannot produce milk (a condition called galactic), accident, illness, death or because it has problems of conduct or behavior for its failure to serve and care for their puppies as befits.
The success of raising orphaned pups requires a series of care such as: a schedule regular intake of foods, elimination of their physiological needs, a conditioned place to sleep and rest, a healthy environment and time for the game.
Yes the attention is appropriate the possibility of success is high or a proportion similar to the biological mother survival, of course that if they have less than five days chances of survival decrease due to the intake of the milk of the mother in the early days is essential, but there is also the possibility of carrying the puppy below Now if you have more than 7 days it is likely that with the appropriate care the puppy takes place smoothly.
The success of the aging is due to:
-Temperature and humidity
Healthy puppies are big, strong, silent, and sleep most of the time. Sick Puppies have weak muscle tone and far cry. If not are aided are weak and comatose (“quenching syndrome”).
It is essential that the puppy swallowed in the first 12 hours of life provided by maternal colostrums , puppies can absorb antibodies from the colostrums in the first 36 hours only.
Then they must be fed in artificially with a milk special for Cubs orphaned by bottle, syringe, dropper, etc, the mama eras are useful for premature infants that are achieved in pharmacies, the feeding tube nasoesofágico is left to experts because of the risk of “false via”, this means that if the procedure is done incorrectly the liquid you can go to the lungs and produce pneumonia with severe consequences for the majority of cases it is recommended to the bottle.
The commercially prepared puppy milk formulas are balanced to meet the nutritional needs of the puppy orphan. Homemade recipes for orphaned puppy’s milk are also effective.
Do not forget only put the egg, the raw egg yolk can cause biotin deficiency due to an enzyme which has the clear, not add honey because it can have fatal bacteria for puppies.
Uses only what is used and the rest is kept in the refrigerator for no more than 48 hours, is administered warm, then wash and dry the bottle and nipples before feeding.
The food is done several times a day or every time they cry, the administered amount depends on the breed and size, but varies from 10 ml to 30 ml, with weights ranging from 250-350 grams to > 500 grams respectively. In kittens 1 – 7 ml to 50 ml, with weights ranging from 100-200 grams to 500-600 I grams respectively.
The puppies will need to be eructates during and after each feed. Hold them right or over his shoulder and give a few tapping back.
The first 48-72 hours they must feed every 2 hours. For the rest of the first week, they should eat every 3 hours during the day, the second week are fed every 4 hours during the day with food during the night. By the third week, they must start taking dishes playas alone 3 times a day but it should continue feeding bottle.
Food It should be wet with milk and you can prepare by putting 2 cups of tea (200 gram Is) premium for puppies pet food , add 350 ml of infant formula and other warm water , put in the blender and becomes a mashed consistency similar to which is given to babies human, this feeds per day to 6-8 medium breed puppies.
In the fourth week, you should feed 4-5 times a day; the night feeding may be suspended. At 6 weeks they already ingest solid food, it should never miss water when it starts feeding food balanced dry premium.
A puppy of 500 I grams consumption is 30 ml every 24 hours, most infant formula milk formulations contain approximately to 60 calories each 30 ml, of course that this value is only an orientation, which may vary, must be handled by the evolution and aspect of the puppy, if they do not gain weight, they need more food and if they have diarrhea can tell us that you are overfeeding weight gain is important because it is closely related to neonatal disease in young animals.
A newborn puppy is unable to urinate or have a bowel movement, if same, still has not developed the muscle that performs these functions. A puppy must be stimulated to urinate and defecate, usually this is done the mother licking the anal area of the puppy by stimulating it to urinate and defecate.
Orphaned puppies must be manually stimulated by the tutor to stimulate urination and defecation. The puppy should be encouraged after each meal, this maneuver is dampening a piece of cotton and gently rubbed over the anal and genital area, within one to two minutes the puppy ordinary and/or defacer. Some puppies will respond well before eating while others respond after eating, it is suggested to do this action both times to ensure the animal needs, this stimulation should be performed until the 21 days from that date the puppies because they control their needs.
Clean the puppy after eating food and control the urine and fecal matter if it is normal to observe any sign of illness, normal urine is a pale yellow, if it is dark yellow or orange, indicates that it is not sufficiently well fed, feed more frequently.
Fecal material must be of a light to dark chestnut brown color, if it is green indicates an infection, and too evacuation indicates that the formula used is not appropriate because the animal does not absorb enough in his intestine and removes too much fecal matter, if this is all too hard consistency there that feed more often and not raising the amount many times it is common that it feeds the puppy with enough but not in the indicated frequency, when you eat much food one time causes swelling, gas or regurgitation and sometimes, “false path” with effusion of the formula into the lungs.
Temperature and humidity
To be healthy the catchers must be at a temperature environment appropriate to this age not well keep heat, must be other calorie sources such as a lamp, hot water , electric blanket, always taking care not to burn them, also importantly a good insulation from the ground, on a wood or of newspapers or other mattress.
A simple focus of 25 watt on a small box will provide enough heat should be a thermometry to monitor the temperature, as well as control the puppies that are not too away from the heat source as much closer because of the danger of burning, if not left with no choice to use a source that is in contact with the animals wrap them with a tonally to avoid burns.
During the first week, must keep the temperature environment 32 – 34 ° C and a relative humidity of 55-65%. During the beginning of the second week, gradually reduces temperature 29 ° c, during the third week; 26.5 ° C, during the fourth week; 24 ° C. More than five weeks, decreased to 21 ° C temperature or the temperature, use common sense, if the puppies are stacked between them all the time, cold tunnel, if the puppies are separated among them feel heat, if kept together without amass is the temperature is right.
Hypodermic’s puppies (low body temperature) must be heated more than 2-3 hours slowly at a temperature of 36 ° C, which is normal for a baby, once they reach this temperature, newborn begins to feed them.
If the environment is very dry, a range of normal moisture can get by putting a wet tonally above and on one side of the box where the puppies are housed.
Orphaned puppies are at risk most of diseases infectious as distemper and parvovirus, especially those orphans who did not receive colostrums of his natural mother’s milk.
Colostrums that occurs during the first 24 hours after birth is rich in antibodies protecting from diseases, colostrums contains antibodies which provides immunity from type passive against many diseases, therefore, puppies that have never fed with the milk of the mother do not have a good immunity.
Due to the possible lack of immunity, vaccinating puppies is very important. Some veterinarians may recommend start first vaccinations at a younger age. For more information see vaccination Plan.
Nutrition and socialization
Puppies need of mental and physical stimulation it should encourage them to eat and move, there to wake them up to eat and play.
It is important for the puppy orphan have interaction with the members of the House at 5-6 weeks of age, still is a baby and it must be handled with care, but we must get used to the movement, noise, other people and other pets.
Early socialization helps the puppy feel safe in their own environment and will help to prevent problems in the future.
Is it a difficult task to raise an orphaned puppy? Not so much with a commitment of time, care, common sense and adequate information can be a very successful and positive experience.