Breeds of dogs “The Mastin Napolitano”

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Mastin Napolitano is a descendant of the great Roman Molosoide described by Columella in the I century d.c. in his book “De re rustica”. Spread across Europe by the Roman legions, next to which fought, this dog gave rise to numerous breeds of mastiffs in other European countries. Having survived for many centuries in the fields at the foot of Vesuvius and generally in the region of Naples, has been chosen since 1947 thanks to the tenacity and dedication of a group of cinófilos.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
It is heavy, solid, burly and large size. The length of the trunk exceeds the height at the cross.

The Mastin Napolitano

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
The length of the trunk surpasses 10% the height at the cross. The length of the head is equal to 3/10 of the height at the cross. The ratio between the skull and the muzzle is 2 to 1.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT:
Is determined and loyal; He is not aggressive and bites without reason. As protector of the property and its inhabitants is always vigilant. It is intelligent, noble and majestic.

HEAD:
It is short and solid, with a wide skull at the level of the cigomáticos arches; its length reaches about 3/10 of the height at the cross. The skin is abundant and presents wrinkles and folds, of which the most accentuated and characteristic part external to descend to the lip angle palpebral angle. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle are parallel.

CRANIAL REGION:
The skull is wide and flat, in particular between the ears, and seen in front is slightly convex in its front. Bicigomática amplitude exceeds half the length of the head. The cigomáticos arches are very prominent, but flat muscles. The bumps of the frontal bones are well developed; the frontal furrow is marked; the occipital process is barely visible.

DEPRESSION NASO FRONT:
It is well marked.

FACIAL REGION:
Truffle: Situated on the prolongation of the nasal helm, should not stand out from the previous vertical line of the lips; It should be voluminous and the large nose Windows should be wide open. Its colour is according to the color of the coat: black in black, dark brown dogs dogs of other color and Brown in dogs with Brown fur.
Snout: It is well wide and high; its length corresponds to the nasal helm, and must be equal to one-third of the length of the head. The side faces are parallel to each other, so seen front it is almost square shaped.
Lips: Fleshy, thick and wide. Seen from front upper lips form a “V” inverted at the point where join. The bottom side of the snout is formed by the upper lip; its lower part is the lip corner, with visible mucous membranes located in the vertical of the outer corner of the eye.
Jaw: Strong; the bones are strong and the dental arches adapt perfectly. The jaw should be well wide.
Teeth: They are white and developed on a regular basis; they are well aligned and complete. Joint is in the form of scissors, i.e. the incisors cover the bottom with a close contact and are implanted in the vertical of the jaws; or maybe a joint in the form of clamp, so that the upper incisors are in contact with the lower tip tipped by its free edge.
Eyes: They are in a same plane front and are well separated; the palpebral opening is nearly round; the eyeball is slightly sunk. Compared to the color of the coat, the color of the iris is darker. However, eyes may be clearer in dogs with more diluted color fur.
Ears:They have triangular in shape and are small compared to the size of the dog. They are flat, glued to the cheeks and are implanted on the zygomatic arch. When they are cut they have the form of an almost equilateral triangle.

NECK:
Profile: The upper profile is slightly convex.
Length: It is rather short, it measures approximately 2.8/10 of the height at the cross.
Form:It has conical trunk shape and is muscular. To half of its length the perimeter equals about 8/10 of the height at the cross.
Skin: The lower edge of the neck is well equipped with loose skin, which is a double chin well divided, although no less nourished; This edge comes from the level of the mandibular branches and does not exceed half of the neck.

BODY:
Its length exceeds by 10% the height at the cross.
Top line: The topline of the back is straight; the cross is wide, long and not very outgoing.
Back:It is wide and its length, contains about 1/3 of the height at the cross. The lumbar region must unite harmoniously with the back and the muscles should be well wide. The rib cage is wide, long and well arched ribs. The circumference of the chest in at least 1/4 exceeds the height at the cross.
Grupa: Is broad, robust well muscled. Its axial tilt in relation to the horizontal, and measure based on the obliquity of the coxal is approximately 30 °. Its length is equal to 3/10 of the height at the cross. The legs are protruding to the point of reaching the higher margin lumbar.
Chest: It is wide and open, with well developed pectoral muscles. Its breadth is in direct relation to the chest and reaches between 40 and 45% of the height at the cross. The manubrium of the sternum is located at the level of the end of the escápulo humeral articulation.
Tail: It is thick and wide at the base; It is strong and decreases slightly towards its extremity. In length reaches the articulation of the Hock, although usually it is cut to about 2/3 of its length. When the dog is at rest it stays pendant, in the form of sable; When the dog is moving rises horizontally, or a little above the back.

PREVIOUS TIPS:
Altogether, profile and front views, from the tip of the elbow are vertical and strong bones, in proportion to the size of the dog.
Shoulders: The length of the scapulae comprises one 3/10 of the height at the cross, with an axial tilt of 50 to 60 ° to the horizontal. The musculature is well developed and has muscles long and well observable. The angle of the escápulo humeral articulation is from 105 to 115 °.
Arm: It measures about 30% of the height at the cross; its axial tilt to the horizontal is 55 to 60 ° and is equipped with an important muscles.
Elbows: They are covered by a skin abundant and loose; they aren’t too glued to the chest wall.
Forearm: Its length is almost equal to the arm. Its position is perfectly vertical, and is equipped with sturdy bones and a thin and well-developed muscles.
Carpus: It is well wide, thin and without tree; It extends the vertical line of the forearm.
Metacarpus: It is flat; It extends the vertical line of the forearm. Its inclination on the horizontal, toward the front is approximately 70 to 75 °. Its length, contains about 1/6 of the length of the limb measured from the ground to the elbow.
Foot:It has rounded shape, is voluminous and has fingers arched and well together. Plantar pads are thin, tough and well pigmented. The nails are strong, curved and dark.

HINDLIMBS:
Together they must be strong and robust, in proportion to the size of the dog. They should provide the necessary impetus during the movements.
Thigh:Its length reaches 1/3 of the height at the cross and its axial tilt to the horizontal is about 60 °. It is wide and thick and outgoing, muscles but clearly separated from one another. The femur and the coxal forming an angle of 90 °.
Leg: Its length is somewhat lower than the thigh and its axial tilt is 50 to 55 °. It is equipped with strong bones and muscles well observable.
Knee: Tibial fémoro measures between 110 and 115 ° angle.
Hock: It is well long in comparison to the length of the leg. Its length reaches about 2.5/10 of the height at the cross. Joint warm tarsiana form an angle of 140 to 145 °.
Metatarsus: It is strong, thin and almost cylindrical shape; It is perfectly poised and its length reaches about 1/4 of the height at the cross. The Spurs eventually appearing should be eliminated.
Foot: It is smaller than the last, rounded and fingers are well linked. Plantar pads are thin, harsh and pigmented. The nails are strong, curved and dark.

MOVEMENT:
This is one of the typical characteristics of the breed. During the passage, the feline type movement is slow and resembles a bear. The trot is characterized by a strong momentum of the hindlimbs and a good range of the forelimbs. This dog Gallop very few times, their habitual movements are the step and trot. Tolerate the amble.

SKIN:
On the body, particularly on the head where he presents numerous folds and wrinkles, and at the bottom of the neck where it forms a double chin is thick, abundant and loose.
Nature of the hair:
It is short, rough, hard and well attached. Its length is the same throughout the body; It is smooth and uniform, fine and measured a maximum of 1.5 cm. You must not ever present fringe.
Color: Lead and black, grey, gray colors are preferred but also Brown, red and reddish uploaded, that sometimes have small white spots on the backsplash, at the tip of the fingers. All colors can be atigrados. Accepted hazelnut tones, soft grey and isabela.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height to the cross: In males is 65-75 cm
In females is 60-68 cm
A tolerance of 2 cm more or less accepted.

Weight: In males is 60 to 70 kg
In females is 50 to 60 kg

FAULTS:
Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing, and the seriousness of it is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS:
• Pronounced lower prognathism.
• Trumpet-shaped tail.
• Size more or less than the permissible limits.

QUALIFYING OFFENCES:
• Dog aggressive or fearful.
• Upper prognathism.
• Convergence or sharp divergence of the facial skull axes.
• Nasal cañal concave, convex or very bulky.
• Total depigmentation of the edges of the eyelids. Total depigmentation of the truffle.
• Anisocromía; strabismus; absence of wrinkles, folds, or double chin; braquiurismo, both congenital, as artificial.
• Widespread white spots; white markings on the head.

Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.

NOTE:
Males should be two appear normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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