The first day the puppy
When raised himself a litter of puppies, we know from the first hours of life puppies identify the healthiest and most robust: those going with a firm step towards their mother, who joins the first her breasts, those who, detached from their mother (a few centimeters: do not engage in experiments silly!) immediately returned to their mother.
All these behaviors are not influenced by the environment or experience: they come exclusively from the gene pool of the puppy. Evaluating the Vitality of puppies (Biotone in ethology) is large enough to assess its weight: in fact, a puppy can be smaller than his brothers because he was only placed at a disadvantage in the womb.If his Biotone is high, this puppy will recover very quickly and in one to two weeks, it will certainly become bigger than his brothers,who seemed “giants” at birth, but may be less vital.The Biotone has been studied by the German ethnologist Eberhard Trumler through a test to be performed at birth because the first minutes of life represent the attitude with which the puppy dog face his future.The Biotone is evaluated by a single score:
1. point: the puppy, barely out of the membrane,and starts looking for the breast or even starts to shake when he is still a prisoner;
2. points: the puppy remains inert for a moment before going into business;
3. points: the puppy is trying to reach the mother’s body,but failed to find the udder and to begin to suck,we must attach it,or it starts to suck and then stops;
4. points: even slower than the previous one,this puppy is probably not live long.
Can we communicate with a puppy during the first two weeks of life?No. We have no possibility of us “know” the puppies during their vegetative stage, because they can not see us, or feel,even if we touch them, weigh them and so on.Certainly,they can smell our scent,but it no resemblance to the smell of milk,it does not interest them,as the smell of the towel that lines their case or that of their brothers who represent for them a part of the development of their fund, up to age 15 to 16 days,they begin to perceive them as other living beings.
Socialization of the puppy
Period of imprinting in the pack and in the family, followed by the phase of “socialization”. During this phase, in nature, the puppy begins to bind specific reports, first with his parents and brothers, then with the rest of the pack.
The socialization phase
During this stage, the puppy learns:
– To establish correct relationships with members of his species (one could say that he learned the rules of “polite dog” rather complex).
– To recognize their superiors, learning how to behave towards them. This second phase is called “hierarchical order”.
Both phases begin around the age of eight weeks and last up to sixteen weeks. A later phase,called “Order of the Pack” will allow the puppy to learn to manage its hierarchical position within the pack and not only of his family growing up, he will try to improve it.In general,this phase begins around the age of five months.
To have a well socialized dog will often put him in contact with other dogs, especially between eight and twelve weeks.Often, owners wonder why their four-legged friend is aggressive toward other dogs,even if they meet very often: in fact it is a matter of time.If the puppy begins to meet his fellows after the age of three months,the socialization period is over and normal relations will be even more difficult.During this same period,the puppy should meet as many people as possible.Recall that for him, everyone is “dog”,that is to say part of his species,but that people behave very differently from “real” dogs the puppy does not instinctively recognize these behaviors He must get used to understand them.
After the first 5 months
A socialized dog at the appropriate age will find it easier to “friend-friend” this does not mean that it never bagarrera with other dogs, both because the very dominant dogs will always tend to want “put legs on the head” of others (who do not always agree) that because of special conditions (possessiveness toward an object,sexual rivalry, etc..) will trigger a fight between dogs including socialized.However, by socializing the puppy, you avoid having an adult dog that starts to rumble and pull on his leash to go and fight when he sees a fellow in the street,without even knowing what sex it is.