Breeds of dogs “The Dalmatian”

The Dalmatian is the white dog of black paint that we usually see in the movies. This dog was really raised by the lure, especially when he accompanied the cars of the aristocracy. It is said that it was a status symbol for the nobility of these dog run with horses pulling her carriage.

Originally, before being employed by the aristocrats in England, it is estimated that you accompanying the carriages serving as a watchdog. Also is used as a shepherd and wars-related occupations. Above all it was the mascot of the fire and the stables. After the book by Dodie Smith written in 1956, entitled “101 Dalmatians”, its popularity in cinema and television films and programmes runs while his popularity as a pet.

The Dalmatian

The Dalmatian curious fact is that they are born without the paint. The newborn puppies are white. To the third week they begin to appear the paint.

In the United States in the years 2001, 2002 and 2003 (according to the statistics of the Spaniel) puppies records have declined markedly. Meeting among fifty races (of 150 recognized breeds) with more records in 2001, have fallen to approximately half of the list in 2003. Doesn’t mean much this because so are records, and anyway is still a dog of a great acceptance by the public in general.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The origin of the Dalmatian remains still unsolved and lies only with assumptions. Judging by scenes on the walls of the ancient tombs of the Egyptian Pharaohs and paintings from the 16th to the 18th, it can be assumed that the Dalmatian has existed for thousands of years. Chronicles Church of the 14th century and the year 1719 definitely sugeren that the Dalmatian originated in the Eastern Mediterranean region, in particular in the region of the coast of Dalmatia. The first images of the race are in paintings of the Italian masters of the 16th century and a fresco in the convent of Zaostrog (Dalmatia) dating from about 1710. Later work of Thomas Bewick, published in 1792, contains a description and an illustration of a Dalmatian, whom Bewick is referred to as “Dalmatian or dog car”.the first standard of the Dalmatian was written in 1802 by English Vero Shaw. This standard was officially adopted in 1890.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
This is a well balanced dog, distinctly mottled, strong, muscular and active. Symmetrical profile, free of boorishness and heaviness of movement, as old dog car is capable of great resistance and good speed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
• The relationship between body length and the height of the cross is approximately 10: 9.
• The relationship between the length of the skull and the muzzle length is 1: 1.

TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR:
Sociable and friendly, never shy or reserved, free from nervousness and aggressiveness.

HEAD:
Good length.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Flat, quite wide between the ears, with well defined temporary area. Not very developed frontal furrow. Completely free of wrinkles.
Depression (Stop) naso-frontal: Moderately well-defined.

FACIAL REGION:
Truffle:Always black in the mottled variety of black in color liver always Brown spotted variety.
Snout: Long and powerful, never pointed. The nasal helm is straight and parallel to the top line of the skull.
Lips: Thin, well suited to the jaw, never hanging. A complete pigmentation is desired.
JAWS / teeth:Strong JAWS with a bite of perfect scissor and regular, i.e. that the upper incisors closely overlap with the lower and are vertically implanted in the jaw. A complete denture with 42 teeth (according to the dental formula of the dog) is desired.The teeth are well proportionate, regular and white.
Eyes:Moderately separated between themselves, size medium, round, twinkling and sparkling, intelligent and alert expression. Dark brown colour in the variety with black spots, Brown clear to amber in the variety with liver spots. The edge of the eyelids should be completely black in the variety with black spots and completely color liver in the variety with liver spots. The edge of the eyelids should be well glued on the eyeball.
Ears: Rather high implantation, medium-sized, rather thick at the base. Conducted near the head, angostando gradually to a rounded tip. Texture fine. Well outlined, preferably mottled stains.

NECK:
Of good length, well arched, slimming to the head; free Gill.

BODY:
Cross: Well defined.
Back:Powerful, straight.
Lomo: Very muscular with dry muscles, slightly arched.
Grupa: Very little inclined.
Chest: Not too wide, but shallow and large capacity; You must reach the elbows. Seen on side the backsplash is well visible. Ribs well proportionate, long, well arched, never flat, abarriladas or deformed.
Flanks: Narrow.
Bottom line:Rather retracted until the loin.

TAIL:
It reaches approximately up to the hock. Strong at its root, slimming toward the tip, free of boorishness. Insert either very high or very low. In sleep falls with a slight upward curve in the last third of the tail. Moving is carried high, slightly above the topline, but never done stop, cheerful or coiled. Preferably spotted.

LIMBS

FORMER MEMBERS:
Perfectly straight, with strong bones and rounded up below.
Shoulders: Moderately oblique, sharp and muscular.
Elbows: Close to the body, nor turned inward or outward.
Wrist: Strong, slightly elastic.

LATER MEMBERS:
Rounded, muscular, crisp; seen from behind, they are parallel and vertical.
Knees: Well well-angled.
Legs: Strong.
Angle of the Hock: Strong, well angled.

FEET:
Round, compact, with well arched toes (cat feet). Round, hard and elastic pads. Black or white nail on the variety with black, brown or white spots on the variety with liver spots.

MOVEMENT:
Great freedom of movement: regular, powerful and rhythmic action with long steps and good thrust of the hindlimbs. Seen from behind, the members moving in parallel lines, after following the previous in a single plane. A pass of short range or shifting laterally members are incorrect.

HAIR:
Short, hard, dense, smooth and shiny.

COLOR:
Pure white background color. In the variety with black spots, the spots are black; in the variety with color liver spots, the spots are liver – brown color. Unmixed is about with others, but round, are well defined and better distributed as possible; size 2-3 cm in diameter. The spots on the head, tail and limbs are smaller.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
The balance sheet is of utmost importance.
Height to the cross: Males: 56 – 61 cm
Females: 54-59 cm.

Weight: Male: approximately: 27 – 32 kg
Females: approximately: 24-29 kg.

FAULTS:
Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the severity of it considers the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.
• Bronze spots (passenger descolorimiento color black stains bronze.)

QUALIFYING OFFENCES:
• Dog aggressive or fearful.
• Accented upper or lower prognathism.
• Ectropion, entropion, zarco eye, eyes of different colour (heterochromia).
• Blue eyes.
• Deafness.
• Delimited patch close one eye (Monocle) or patches on the body (however admissible for breeding).
• Dog tricolor (black spots and liver in the same issue).
• Color lime (lemon color spots or orange).
• Very shy or aggressive behavior.

Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.

NOTE:
Males should be two appear normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

RECOMMENDATION
For aggravates the frequency of deafness in the Dalmatian (20-30%):
• Dogs with bilateral deafness and dogs with blue eyes should be excluded from breeding, ideally also dogs with unilateral deafness.
• Dogs with patches defined near the eye (Monocle) or in other parts of the body should be admitted for breeding.
• Dogs with pigmented scrotum should be preferred.

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