The Cocker Spaniel is the smallest Member of sports hunting dogs. His body is strong, compact, delicately shaped and refined head. As a whole, is a well balanced and a perfect size dog. Though upright shoulders on a previous limb lines, its top line descends slightly to a subsequent quarter strong, muscular and moderately angled. It is a dog capable of developing a considerable speed, combined with much resistance. Above all, it must be a loose and joyful, healthy and well-balanced dog in all its parts; action displays vehement inclination towards work. A well-balanced dog in all its parts is more desirable than a dog with good characteristics and defects that contrast strongly.
The distance from the tip of the breastbone to the tip of the buttock should be slightly longer than the distance between the highest point of the cross and the soil. The body must have sufficient length to allow free passage and right. The dog should never be long and low.
TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR:
Temperament is balanced, but no sign of shyness.
So the head is well-proportioned, it must be in balance with the rest of the dog, and it must be intelligent expression, alert, sweet and attractive.
Skull: The skull is rounded but not overly, no tendency to flatten; the superciliares arches are clearly defined. The bone structure underneath the orbit is well outlined.
Depression (Stop) naso-frontal: Pronounced.
Truffle: Of sufficient size to be in balance with the muzzle and forehead, with typical well-developed nostrils of a hunting dog. Black in black copies, black and fire and in blacks and whites; the other colors can be Brown, liver or black, between better darker.The color of the nose harmonises with the color of the edge of the eyelids.
Snout: Wide and deep. So that the skull is in proper balance, the distance from the stop to the tip of the truffle should be half the distance between the stop and the base of the skull over the occipital.
Belfos: The upper lip is full and deep enough to cover the lower jaw.
JAWS / teeth:Square Jaw and the same length. Teeth strong and healthy, not too small and bite in scissors.
Cheeks: Not prominent.
Eyes: Eye blood cells should be round, full and direct gaze towards the front. The shape of the edge of the eyelids gives them a slightly Pacific appearance; the eyes must not be sunk or bulging. The color of the iris is dark brown and, in general, between better darker.
Ears: Lobular form long, thin, well covered with feathers; no more high insertion that the bottom of the eyes.
The neck is sufficiently long to allow the nose to touch the ground easily; It is muscular and is free of ‘Chin’. It emerges strongly from the shoulders and slightly arch slimming to the junction with the head.
Top line: It descends slightly towards the subsequent muscular quarters.
Back: The back is strong and descends slightly and harmoniously from the cross to the inclusion of the tail.
Chest: The chest is deep; its lowest point must not exceed the elbows, and its anterior part must be broad enough to provide space appropriate to the heart and lungs;However, it should not be so much that obstruct the straight movement of the forelimbs.Ribs well arched and deep.
The amputated tail must be implanted and carried aligned with the line of the back, or slightly higher, but never straight up as the terrier or so low that demonstrates shyness.When the dog is moving, the action of the tail must be cheerful.
The forelimbs are parallel, straight, strong, muscular and placed bones glued to the body and well deployed under the scapulae.
Shoulders: The scapulae are well oblique, and forming an angle of about 90 degrees with the forearm, which will allow the dog a broad and easy step forward. The shoulders are well defined and inclined without Excel, and placed in such a way that the upper tips of the cross form an angle that allows a curvature of the ribs.
Elbows: When you look at them side and while the forelimbs in position straight, elbows should be directly below the highest point of the scapulae.
Metacarpos: Short and strong. The spurs of the forelimbs could be amputees.
Seen from behind, the hindlimbs are parallel both in motion and at rest. The hindlimbs are strong, muscular and powerful bones.
Hips: Broad, well rounded and very muscular buttocks.
Thighs:Strong and clearly defined.
Knee: Femoro-warm-patellar joint is moderately angled. It is strong without signs of deviation when the dog is in motion or at rest.
Hocks: Strong and well descended. The spurs of the hindlimbs can be amputated.
The feet are compact, large, round and firm with cuernosas pads. They should not turn inward or outward.
Cocker Spaniel American, although it is the smallest of the sport hunting dogs, has the typical movement of these. Balance between the forelimbs and the later is a prerequisite for a good move. It drives with some strong and powerful hindquarters and is adequately structured in the shoulders and forelimbs of such way that achieves long front reach to compesar the momentum of their hindlimbs. Above all, his movement is coordinated, flexible and easy. The dog should cover ground with its movement; an excessive vividness should not be confused with the proper movement.
The head must be short and fine; in the body of medium-long with sufficient inner layer to give protection.
The ears, chest, abdomen and the later parts of the limbs should be sufficient fringes, but not in excess coming to hide the true lines and movements of the dog, or affecting their appearance and function of moderate fur hunting dog. The texture of the fur is very important. The hair is silky, smooth or slightly wavy, allowing an easy care. Excessive or curly or cottony cushion texture hair is severely penalize. The preening of the hair in the back with electrical machine is not desirable. Preening to enhance the real lines of the dog should be made so that it looks more natural.
COLOR AND STAINS:
• Black variety: solid black, black with brands including color fire. Black must be Jet, Brown shades or liver in the hair are not desirable. Allow a bit of white on the chest and neck; the white in any other part of the body implies disqualification.
• Any other solid color other than black (ASCOB): any other solid color other than black, which varies from color cream clearer red more dark, including the color Brown and Brown with spots of color fire. The color should be a uniform hue; However allow the lighter tones in the fringes, as well as a little white on the chest and neck; the white in any other part of the body implies disqualification.
• Variety of various colors: two or more solid colors well defined, one of which must be white; black and white, red and white (the Red can vary from the cream more clear to the Red more dark), Brown and white and ruano; each combination of these colors can include fire brands. Preferred fire spots are located in the same places than those in ASCOB and black varieties. The ruanos are classified as dogs in various colors and can have any of the usual ruanas combinations. The presence of an only color to represent ninety percent (90%) or more of the coat means disqualification.
• Brands color fire: the hue of stains color fire can vary from the cream more clear to the Red more dark and they are group to ten percent (10%) or less of the color of the copy; fire brands that exceed that amount imply disqualification. In the case of color varieties fire spots black and ascob, they must be located in the following places:
1) One spot color fire marked above each eye;
(2) To the sides of the muzzle and cheeks;
(3) In the bottom of the ears;
(4) In all the feet and/or legs;
(5) In the bottom of the tail;
(6) In the chest: Optional; the presence or absence shall not
The color fire spots that are not easily visible or whose tonality is a simple appearance, should penalise. Stains color fire on the snout that they spread upwards above and join must also be penalised. The absence of stain color varieties fire black and ASCOB at any of the points indicated in dogs that otherwise have fire spots, will motivate disqualification.
Height to the cross: the cross height is 15 inches (38,10 cm) for a male and 14 inches (35,56 cm) for an adult female.
The height can vary from half inch (1.27 cm) above or below the ideal. A male whose height exceeds 15 half inches (39,37 cm) or a female whose height exceeds 14 half inches (36,83 cm) must be eliminated. A male whose height does not reach 14 half inches (36,83 cm) or a female whose height does not reach 13 half inches (34,29 cm) should be penalized. The height is determined by a line pependicular to the ground that part from the cross when the dog remains standing in a natural position, with their limbs, and the lower part of their hindlimbs parallel to the line of mediation.
Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the severity of it considers the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.
• Dog aggressive or fearful.
• Color and stains: the above colours are the only colors or combinations of colors accepted. All other colres or combinations of colors mean disqualification.
• Black variety: white spots except on the chest and neck.
• Variety any other solid color other than black: white spots except on the chest and neck.
• Variety of various colors: main Color at ninety percent (90%) or more.
(• Stains color fire: 1) stains color fire excess from the
ten percent (10%);
(2) Absence of color fire spots in the
varieties of black and ASCOB in any-
the points indicated in dogs than RA
otherwise they have fire spots,
It will motivate disqualification.
• Height: Males with height exceeding 15 half inches (39,37 cm).
Females with more than 14 half height inches (36,83 cm).
Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.
Males should be two appear normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.