BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Known always as dog of cows in the Belgian Ardennes, and selected for their skills, it owes its name, more to the practice of care and driving of cattle and the region where it performs its functions, its physical appearance. The harsh climate, the difficult and specific work, the rugged relief and poverty in the region, have formed the type.
Only the most rustic and the most capable of a limited volume, followed with life to drive herds, often cows and lambs, and also in the last century, pigs and horses. Used since the 19th century, to trap the deer and wild boar, it becomes, during the two world wars, in the illegal Hunter dog.Belgian exhibitions open categories for the dogs of boyeros to way to survey in order to establish the features of similarity.
The disappearance of numerous ardenesas farms, coupled with the decline of dairy herds, considerably reduces the number of dogs used. By 1985, is the collection of colostrum in dairy herds which leads to the canófilos to discover some survivors more or less typical of the Ardennes boyero dog. By 1990, breeders are dedicated to produce dogs that respond best to the type as described in the standard, on the basis of this lineage of the Ardennes. Paradoxically, it is in the North of the country where some boyeros and shepherds, impressed by the ability of these dogs to drive herds, were devoted to his upbringing, unobtrusive, but efficiently.
This is a rustic and robust, copy with no claim of elegance. It is short and burly, heavier bones of what they do assume its volume and a powerful head. The adjectives that best describe are: short, compact, muscular. His rough and tangled hair (except for the skull, which is shorter and smooth), their whiskers and barbita, give a sullen look. The cowbird from the bulge will be judged in static in their natural positions, without physical contact with the presenter.
• The length of the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock is approximately equal to the height at the cross.
• The height of the chest is close to half of the height at the cross.
• The head is rather short and the nasal helm is visibly shorter than the skull, which is in turn a little longer that wide.
TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR:
The Ardennes Boyero is a dog showing much resistance and energy. He is cheerful, curious, agile and sociable, and its first quality is its adaptability, which makes you feel comfortable in any situation. He is tenacious and infinitely courageous in defending his people, their property and their territory.
Large and rather short.
Wide and flat; its upper margin is parallel to the nasal cane. Median sulcus and the occipital Crest are virtually invisible. Populated eyebrows underscore the superciliares arcades. The cigomáticas are not outgoing and very arched.
Depression (Stop) naso-frontal: is marked, but not in excess.
Truffle:Broadband, always black.
Snout:Shorter than the skull is wide, thick, and well compact under the eyes, visibly. It is covered with raised hairs covering the inner corner of the eye. The side faces of the muzzle and cheeks are in the same continuation.
Lips: Thin together, the edges are always black. The corner should not be loose. The upper and lower lip, the lower jaw and Chin are covered in hairs of 5-6 cm moustache and barbita.
JAWS / teeth: The jaws are powerful. The teeth must be complete, with the dental formula. Tolerate the absence of two premolars 1 (2 PM1) and the molars 3 (M3) are not taken into consideration. The incisors «in the form of scissors» are uniformly in a well open arc. Accepted ‘pincer-shaped’ teeth without loss of contact, although it is not favored. The oral cavity must be as pigmented as possible.
Cheeks:They are well flat, but muscular.
Eyes:Medium-sized; they are not too separated. They are slightly oval; they are never globulosos or bulging. The color should be as dark as possible. The eyelids are embroidered black and the conjunctiva should not be visible.
Ears: They are not cut. They are high, either triangular, and are rather small. They are folded, but the limb should not exceed the external corner of the eye. You prefer rigid, straight and pointed ears. Also accepts straight ears tipped that falls to the front, or semi-erguidas ears, bent outward.
Strong, muscular, loose, rather cylindrical in shape. It is slightly arched and sufficiently raised. There is no presence of Chin.
Powerful, without appearance of heaviness; the ribs are more round than flat. The length of the body from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock is approximately equal to the height at the cross. The flanks are well short.
Top line:It is horizontal, wide, powerful and tense.
Cross: Slightly outgoing.
Back: Muscular and well marked. It is elastic and no appearance of sagging.
Lomo: It is short, rather broad and muscular. Transversely is quite flat.
Grupa: Wide, slightly inclined, or preferably horizontal.
Chest: It is broad and descends to the elbows. The ribs are well flexible, especially in its upper third. Transversely, the bottom line must have some roundness. Seen head-on, the backsplash is quite wide.
Bottom line: The belly is quite firm and something up.
The vast majority is short-tailed, and a large number has no tail. The tail is thick and high implantation.
Short tail: extends the topline.
It accepts the whole tail in countries where the caudectomía is prohibited.
Seen together: The bones are strong. The forelimbs are well muscled; viewed from all angles, are well aplomados, and seen in front are parallel.
Shoulders: Solid bone. They are moderately long and oblique. The scapula and the humerus forming an angle of about 110 °.
Arms: Long and well muscled.
Elbows: Firm, detached, or together.
Forearms:Straight and strong.
Wrist:Firm and clearly delineated. They are close to the ground.
Metacarpos: Strong, short and very little inclined.
Feet:Round, compact; bent fingers. The pads are dark, thick and elastic; the nails are strong and thick.
Seen together: Powerful, moderately angled and muscular. Seen from behind, they are parallel. When the dog is static, the foot, in profile, must be just behind the vertical of the ischial limb.
Thighs: Well muscled and well formed.
Legs: Moderately long, muscular, well.
Hock: It is close to the ground; It is wide and vigorous.
Metatarsiana cane: View of profile, is tilted. There is no presence of spurs.
Feet: Similar to the previous feet.
Members move in parallel to the median plane of the body, which stays in the axis of the displacement. The usual movement is the step fast and loose and agile trot. The Ardennes Cowbird does not distinguish by gallop, but can turn in full momentum regardless of movement or speed. Trot is broad, uniform motion, with an excellent impulse of the hindlimbs, while the upper line remains tense and firm. The dog should not show amble. The Ardennes Boyero is a dog of action, it is almost always in movement.Released from their duties, their ability to move herds leads often to walking behind her master doing sub-divided.
It is well stretched. Does not form folds, but it is elastic. The edge of the eyelids and lips is always well pigmented.
Fur must allow live outdoors and take care and drive herds, regardless of the sometimes extreme weather conditions in their region of origin.
The hair of the surface must be dry, rough and tangled. It is about 6 cm on the body, but it is shorter and more smooth on the skull, where however, noticeable eyebrows.Hair should form moustache and barbita about 5 to 6 cm and cover the inner corner of the eye. The forearms are covered in a little half short, dry hair, which gives them a cylindrical appearance. It notes the presence of short fringes on the back of the forearms. The back of the thighs is covered with longer hair as a trousers. The external face of the ears is covered with short hairs. The ear canal is protected by hairs which are not distinguished from the neck, which presents hairs that surround the throat and are oriented towards the back. The spaces between the pads are well short hairs.
The Fund, which is dense in all stations, hair becomes more abundant in winter, which well protects the dog from the weatherproof. This hair is also presented on the members. Its length is roughly equal to half of the hair from the surface.
Accepted all the colors except white: the color of the hair of the Fund varies depending on the color of the hair from the surface. Although it is not desirable, accepted a white mark on the backsplash or white color on the tips of the fingers. The fur is often gray, black or fawn intermingled hairs. There is also the grey fur, ranging from light grey to dark grey, and Brown, red fur or straw-colored.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height to the cross: 56 to 62 cm for males.
52 to 56 cm for females.
With a tolerance of 1 cm more or less.
Weight: 28-35 kg for males.
22-28 Kg for females.
Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the severity of it considers the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.
• General appearance: too heavy, too elegant, very lifted.
• Head: Incorrect proportions, lack of parallelism, snout very thin. Excess or absence of adorno, arched nasal cane, depression naso-frontal marked or elusive, very round skull.
• Teeth: Incisors misaligned. Absence of an incisor (1I) of a premolar 2 (1 PM2.5) or a premolar 3 (1 PM3).
• Eyes: Clear, round, globulosos, sunken.
• Ears: Too broad at the base, low implementation, round tip. The ears are divergent or convergent if they are upright.
• Neck: Delgado, long, sunk in the shoulders.
• Topline: back and/or loin long or narrow; weak, fallen or convex.
• Chest: Not is sufficiently inclined, bottom that does not have cierte transversal roundness. Very narrow backsplash.
• Tail: Very low implementation; It presents too high or stuck between the members. In way to hook or that deviates.
• Movement: Apretado or with very little momentum. Too short strides, step built on the forelimbs.
• Hair: It is enough rough or smooth. Very short or very abundant head ornament. Hair too long on the skull, members with too much or very little hair. Fringes on a long tail.Hair of the Fund which is not sufficiently dense, or that is very short or very long.
• Color: White stretching too in the backsplash and feet.
• Character: Timidity, indifference.
• Character: Aggressive or fearful.
• General appearance: lack of type.
• Truffle, lips, eyelids: absence of pigmentation.
• Teeth: Upper Prognathism, lower prognathism, even without loss of contact (inverted articulation). Cross occlusion. Absence of Carnivore (1 FP4) higher or lower (1 M 1), of a molar (1 M1 or M2 1, except the M3) of a premolar 3 (1 PM3), most any other tooth, or teeth three or more in total.
• Eyes: Yellow, different color or lost expression.
• Ears: Cut or glued to his head.
• Tail: Occurs in the form of candle or wrapped.
• Fur: Any fixed hair; short or long hair smooth or wavy; woolly or silky. Absence of ornament on the head or excess of ornament that completely covers the eyes or the shape of the head. Absence of an internal layer of hair.
• Color: White coat or white anywhere else other than the backsplash or fingers.
• Size: He departs from the standard limits.
Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.
Males should be two appear normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.