Childbirth can be a confusing experience for pug dog and their owners. Understand what to expect will make you more useful if an emergency arises. The pugs have heads that are much larger in relation to their body than many other races and this genetic trait can cause an increased risk of complications and the need for a cesarean section. Your veterinarian will monitor the pregnancy of your pug and decide the safest option for delivery. The whole process may only require you to wait and see, but be prepared to step in and help or ask for professional help when needed.
Take your pug to the vet to confirm pregnancy . Your veterinarian will determine the need for a cesarean section based on the formation of a bitch. Later in pregnancy you can take x-rays to determine the size of the litter. Keep your pug to date on shots. Make sure it has been wormed and is revised as to the bacterium Brucella , which is infectious for humans and can cause abortion in canines. Proper nutrition and prenatal care is important. Gradually change the diet of your pug to a high quality food that promotes growth and is designed for pregnant and lactating bitches.
Preparing for birth
Create a whelping box for mother, made of wood, plastic or even heavy cardboard. The whelping box should ideally be easy to clean and should provide easy access for the mother, but also safely contain newborn puppies. Place the box in a low traffic area so that it is warm and quiet. Get the mother use the whelping box, placing it there regularly and giving him a snack, to develop a positive association with the box and know to go there during delivery. The pugs have a strong natural instinct to nest before giving birth and temperament and love for sweets makes training them to use the whelping box easier than other races.
Prior to the start of labor and labor
When the birthday approaches, he begins to take the temperature of the mother twice daily. The temperature of the body will warn of impending birth. The normal temperature of the body canine is 101 to 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit (38.3 to 39.1 ° C). A mother about to go into labor almost always experiences a drop in body temperature to 98 or 99 degrees (36.6 or 37.2 ° C). As labor is closer, your pug will start fidgeting and possibly vomit. At this point, places the mother in the whelping box. Delivery should begin shortly thereafter. Large heads of puppies prolonged labor, which usually lasts 6-12 hours. If your vet recommends a cesarean for your pug will probably be scheduled in advance. Make sure it’s not a side and center cut to speed breastfeeding. If you’ve planned a home birth, stay close to your pug to make sure all is well. If the job does not seem to have made no progress in two hours or your pug has not started delivery within 24 hours, contact your vet for help.
Labor, delivery and after birth
Visible contractions signal the onset of normal labor. The first puppy should be born within two hours after the start of work. If not, consult your veterinarian. Usually the mother will begin a rest period of up to four hours after the first puppy is born, but sometimes have immediate subsequent deliveries. After delivery of each pup, the mother will give birth also a placenta. Account placentas and pups and make sure there are equal numbers of both. The postpartum placentas can not make the dog very sick.
Immediately after the birth of each pup, the mother should vigorously and lick it clean. You should chew through the umbilical cord too. She should lick and chew the amniotic sac of the puppies as soon as they are born if they are still surrounded by it. Due to their short snouts, pugs may have trouble tearing the bag or chew through the umbilical cord. If the puppies or mother are not able to break the sack, Intervene and break you, gently rubbing the puppy with a clean, dry towel. If breathing does not start, sucks the mucosa of the nose with a suction bulb infant size and is rubbing. If the mother can not or will not chew through the umbilical cord, it is necessary to tie the umbilical cord with silk thread and cut with clean scissors.
Line the whelping box with cool clothes and give your pug a light meal and plenty of water immediately in the postpartum period. Check the status of the mother and the puppies every hour more or less. The pugs are notoriously bad mothers, so make sure she has accepted all puppies and everyone is feeding well. Help your pug to find a comfortable position for breastfeeding, especially with a cesarean section, so you can breastfeed with minimum hassle. Depending on your skills and postpartum maternal situation, you may need to do everything for her, from food to cleaning the puppies. Do not leave the mother alone until you are sure you are recovering well and is able to take good care of the puppies on their own.