The master must not allow his dog to walk without supervision:
– «it is forbidden to run at large dogs and cats “(article 213-2 of the rural Code)
– « it is forbidden to let go the pets on the streets » (article 99-6 of the departmental health regulations type)
In the face of straying, a mayor can (article 213 et seq. of the Code rural):
-to carry out preventive action in ordering the port of the leaves and the muzzle
-use its police powers and take all the provisions to prevent straying dogs and cats.
-make lead stray animals impounded in his role as health (each municipality must have either a municipal pound, of an intercommunale pound)
-organize sterilization campaigns and identification of cats without owners to combat proliferation.
Rental of dwelling with animal sound: Can I or not refuse my pet?
According to the law of July 9, 1970, article 10, ” is deemed unwritten any provision to ban the detention of an animal in a dwelling place as it relates to a pet. ” This detention is however subject to the fact that said animal will cause no damage to the building or any disorder of enjoyment to the occupants of the. “That means that if your pet is the author of any degradation in the building nor interfere with your neighbors (incessant barking, aggressiveness…), one can require you to separate you from your companion.
The only ban that can be made concerning the attack dogs according to the law of January 6, 1999. But beware, this new law can only relate to new tenants. An owner of this type of already installed dog does not fall within the scope of this law, even during a lease renewal.
Guard and defence dogs
It includes the Tosa, Staffordshire Terrier type dogs, American Staffordshire Terrier, Rottweilers and assimilated. Owners of these dogs must comply with the following constraints:
-the acquisition, transfer, import, livestock are forbidden (no sanction)
-the detention of these dogs by minors, adults in guardianship, convicted persons (record No. 2) and persons to which custody of a dog has been withdrawn, is prohibited (penalties incurred: three months of prison and 3,811 euro fine)
-any animal older than 4 months must be identified by tattoo (penalties incurred: 457 euro fine)
-anti-rabies vaccination is compulsory (penalties incurred: 457 euro fine);
-the master must have a liability insurance (penalties incurred: 457 euro fine)
-on the highway, it has obligation to keep his dog on a leash and make him wear a muzzle (penalties incurred: 152 € fine)
-access to sites and public spaces is authorized to the dog but with the obligation of wearing the muzzle and leash (penalties incurred: 152 € fine)
-access to public transit is authorized but with the obligation of wearing the leash and the muzzle (penalties incurred: 152 € fine)
-in the common areas of apartment buildings, the muzzle and leash are mandatory (penalties incurred: 152 € fine)
-sterilization is optional (no penalty)
-the master has obligation to declare his dog from the town hall or the police prefecture of the place of residence of the animal (approach to redo for each move) (penalties incurred: 762 euros fine)
-in the case of control, the master must present the receipt of statement of detention (penalties incurred: 457 euro fine)
Other provisions of the Act
Seizure of the animal may be ordered by the Mayor where he would represent a hazard or if the measures described above are not respected. In the second case, the law provides that If, at the end of a period Frank custody of eight working days, the owner or keeper does not all warranties regarding the application of the measures laid down, the Mayor authorized the filing location manager, after a veterinarian’s opinion commissioned by the Directorate of veterinary services, either to carry out euthanasia of the animal, to dispose of it in accordance with article 213-4 II».
This last section specifies that the owner of the place of filing may transfer the animal for free to foundations or associations of animal protection with a refuge, which alone are authorized to offer animals for adoption to a new owner. With regard to training, article 211-6 of the rural Code provides that ‘ training the dogs to the mordant is allowed that the activities of canine selection framed by an association approved by the Minister of Agriculture and monitoring activities, guarding and cash in transit» and that «only trainers holding a certificate of competence may exercise the activity of training dogs to the mordant and acquire objects and materials intended to this. Dressage ».
Also ” the fact to draw up or to train hounds to the bite, or to use, apart from the activities mentioned […] is punishable by six months imprisonment and a [7 622 euros] penalty and the additional penalty of confiscation of the concerned dogs». However, no Mayor can prohibit the presence of these types of dogs in his commune, or extend these provisions to other breeds than those cited by the law.