The dog was able to join the man in many tasks. Thanks to domestication, the dog could have access to an intimacy with the man. Domestic animal, the dog became pet and could establish relationships more tender and more free.
But at the beginning, men have tamed and educated the dog in order to assign specific functions: the dog became a guardian (for herds and the home), a feature, an engine animal animal, an animal of defence employee in the war. From the 17th century, the dog had a new feature: to keep company with men, since it acquires the status of pet.
The dog, descended from the Wolf whose characteristic is to live in packs, have no difficulty in finding its place in homes: the members of the human family with whom he lives are in his eyes real substitutes of Pack. The transition from the pet to the pet is a fundamental step in the implementation of a communication more “equal” where everyone tries to understand the other in respect of the differences human/dog without excessive domination but simply keeping the sense of hierarchy.
Integration of the human family dog was made possible by the increase in the socialization of the dog over his species of origin. The work of Ron show that the factor limiting the socialization of the Wolf with human is the early development of the reaction of fear in this species.
However the period of socialization is identical in time in the Wolf and the dog. It corresponds to the period between 4 and 10 to 12 weeks of age with a peak of socialization at 6-7 weeks. After 6 weeks, Wolf avoided any new unknown relationship. At the same time, the dog him also begins to distinguish species known and friendly before the sixth week and unknown species that may become prey.
However, the reaction of fear with other species is delayed. That man makes the acquisition of very young puppies allows a good socialization and its integration in the ‘human society ‘. The utility aspect now passes to the second plan.
Groups of men and the wolf packs used the same techniques of hunting: they hunted in groups and touts brought their prey into a trap where a party of hunters were waiting for the victim. The Wolf by exceptional smell and his hearing is a much better fighter than humans. At the time of the early domesticates, the Wolf is a human Hunter competitor.
The wolves began to approach the camps of humans and eat their waste. The boldest wolves came more in addition to the man who owned providential resources. Pups born near the camps gradually penetrated camps to live among human groups.
Alongside these first contacts, we cannot overlook the role of Cubs by women breast-feeding. This feeding of young wild animals by women was observed always and in all cultures tribes. The reasons for this breastfeeding are poorly understood, it assumed that hunters were taking them at the camp to fatten them up for food purposes, either as toys for children, or even to promote milk among women. But women lactating these young people perhaps just for the pleasure of nanny them to have human beings dependent on them. Whatever the reason, these cubs became animal domesticated by man impregnating mechanism
The man quickly found its profit by cooperating with these domestic wolves hunting. One may think that after the wolves entered the camps, a kind of symbiosis between them and men was born. They exchanged food, but a shelter against a cleaning service, a company but above all sensory qualities and an alarm system. This relationship that had a significant advantage in both directions has persisted. It allowed the evolution of the more adventurous and less aggressive wolves in human nearby dogs.
The man could then point out the advantage, or become dependent on, the presence of these wolves around his camp, for hygiene of it – cleaning debris and vermin-, for custody or to warn of the arrival of dangers. He would then left the animal become dependent on this refuge and autodomestiquer as commensal of human camps. Nowadays, this type of report is still observed in some African societies, where the dog played a fundamental role in the demarcation of the territories around the tents of nomads.
Then the men have learned to share their same interests and their instincts of hunters with wolves to their allies for hunting. This attitude is reinforced at the end of the Paleolithic, where hunting was more difficult to reach or to trap prey.
With time, the ties of mutual benefit could be strengthened by a genuine affection, relationship between man and the animal by whaling on the one hand, but also between women and small of wild animals killed on the other hand. A certain attachment to the man with the dog appeared vice versa for a communication “comprehensive”.
If it is possible that man has selected wolves to the friendly temperaments, it is probably more likely that the passage of the Wolf to the domestic dog is achieved through these young cubs separated from their parents. Indeed, there is a phenomenon of impregnation or ‘fingerprint’ during the development of the Wolf or dog, which causes the attachment of the newborn to or one that replaces natural mother. This sensitive period lies with the dog between the third and the twelfth week, and in particular towards 7-8 weeks.
More animals were caught young, more human could create a very strong and stable subordination dominance relationship between him and the animal. Thus, beyond a utilitarian aspect, the first domestic dogs were or became true companions, also participating in children’s games, as well as work.
The first domestic dogs appeared, socializing with humans by learning of communication signals emitted and perceived among individuals, and their integration into their structures, affecting then their life and their social behaviour in adulthood and then from generation to generation. The Wolf is a territorial species which lives in bands hierarchical, cooperating for hunting; the Pack is a single head, individual, and reports are type dominant/dominated: each individual male or female to rule the hierarchical position of the subdominant individuals.
A conscientious master must always keep this in mind for good communication. This evolution of the wild animal in pet and pet is the basis of the current communication system.