Canine parvovirus disease

Dog owners should be educated, be aware and practice safe socialization when it comes to canine parvovirus. The American Veterinary Medical Association(Veterinary Medical Association US) warns that canine parvovirus is probably the most contagious and serious disease that affects dogs. It spreads easily through shelters, dog parks and other meetings of dogs.

 Canine parvovirus

Definition

Canine parvovirus, also referred to as CPV-2 and parvo, is highly contagious. This serious and potentially fatal canine disease is caused by a virus that attacks the gastrointestinal tract of puppies, adult dogs and other wild canids such as foxes, wolves and coyotes, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association (Veterinary Association American Medical). The parvovirus can also severely damage the heart muscles of the puppies who are not born or are small.

Symptoms

Several strands of parvovirus can affect dogs, but all produce similar symptoms, such as fever, loss of appetite, vomiting and severe diarrhea. The feces of an infected dog may be grayish, liquid or bloody, according canineparvovirus.net. The AVMA warns that most deaths from parvovirus occur within 48-72 hours of onset of symptoms, so owners should seek immediate veterinary assistance if your dog seems infected.

Contamination

Parvovirus is transmitted by direct contact from dog to dog and by contact with contaminated feces, according to the AVMA. While people and other animals are not affected by the disease, can serve as carriers. The virus can contaminate shoes, clothes, cages, skin and paws of dogs, kennel surfaces, necklaces or belts, and food dishes and water bowls. Unfortunately, the virus can survive in the environment for long periods of time and is resistant to cold and heat.

Most dogs at risk

Each dog is susceptible to parvovirus, but the AVMA warns that puppies under 4 months old and dogs that have not been vaccinated against canine parvovirus are at increased risk. Make sure your pets have had their annual vaccine before exposure to other dogs or an area that could be contaminated.

Treatment

No specific drug that kills the infected canine parvovirus in dogs, according to the AVMA. Treatment usually consists of an IV to combat dehydration and medicines to control vomiting and diarrhea. The AVMA advised to keep the infected hot dogs and give them a good nursing care. Even with aggressive treatment, which is usually expensive, not all dogs survive the parvovirus.

Prevention and resolution

“Vaccination and good hygiene are essential components in the prevention of canine parvovirus,” says the website of the AVMA. The AVMA recommends that puppies receive one dose of vaccine against canine parvovirus between 14 and 16 weeks of age, regardless of the number of doses received previously. Also, make sure that the vaccine against parvovirus your adult dog is in effect. Avoid kennels, dog parks , groomers and shows if you suspect your dog may be exposed to sick dogs or if your dogs are sick. Do not let your dog sniff or come to fecal waste outdoors as they may be infected with the virus. Furthermore, people in contact with sick animals should avoid contact with other dogs until they washed their hands and changed clothes.